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Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Mapambano polisi na waandamanaji Misri

Polisi mjiini Cairo wametumia gesi ya kutoa machozi na mabomba ya maji kujaribu kuzima maandamano yasio ya kawaida ya kuipinga serikali nchini Misri.

Waandamanaji Cairo wakipambana na polisi

Maelfu walijiunga na maandamano hayo baada ya kampeni zilizoendeshwa kupitia tovuti ambayo ilihamasishwa na harakati za nchini Tunisia.

Waliandamana katika mitaa ya Cairo na maeneo mengine wakipiga makelele ya kuipinga serikali, baada ya wanaharakati kuitisha siku ya mapambano katika ujumbe uliowekwa katika tovuti.

Si kawaida kufanyika maandamano ya kuipinga serikali nchini Misri ambako Rais Hosni Mubarak amekua akitawala tangu mwaka 1981 bila kuvumilia upinzani .

Waziri wa Mambo ya Nje wa Marekani Hillary Clinton, alisema serikali yake inaunga mkono haki za kimsingi za watu kukusanyika na kutoa maoni yao na kuhimiza pande zote kuonyesha uvumilivu.

Aliongeza kwamba Marekani inaamini serikali ya Misri ni tulivu na inatafuta njia za kutimiza matakwa halali ya wananchi wa Misri. .

Matukio haya ya mjini Cairo yalipangwa katika kurasa za Facebook - maelfu ya waandamanaji walijiunga na kurasa hizo wakisema wangeshiriki.

Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak has been president of Egypt since the assassination of Anwar el-Sadat on Oct. 16, 1981. His tenure is the longest of any Egyptian president since the ouster of the king in the 1950s -- longer than that of Gamal Abdel Nasser, a pioneer of Arab nationalism, and longer than that of Mr. Sadat, who was slain after making peace with Israel.

In the wake of Mr. Sadat's death, Mr. Mubarak continued a policy of maintaining ties with Israel, and cracked down on Islamic militants. His support for Israel won him the support of the West and a continuation of hefty annual aid from the United States. The crackdown on the Islamic Brotherhood forced the militants underground, but as Mr. Mubarak steadily reduced the room for legitimate political dissent, a once-largely secular society has become increasingly Islamicized.

Mr. Mubarak is routinely referred to as Egypt's modern pharaoh, though usually in a cautious whisper. Government critics are routinely jailed and freedom of expression and assembly are restricted. As he prepared to visit Cairo in June 2009, President Obama signaled that while he would mention American concerns about human rights in Egypt, he would not challenge Mr. Mubarak too sharply, calling him a "force for stability and good" in the Middle East. Mr. Obama said he did not regard Mr. Mubarak as an authoritarian leader.

Egypt has long been a leader of the Arab world, and Mr. Mubarak, has successfully negotiated the complicated issues of regional security, solidifying a relationship with Washington, maintaining cool but correct ties with Israel and sharply suppressing Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism. But this is a difficult balancing act. Egypt has an important Islamic opposition that can create significant domestic unrest. When Israel carried out large-scale military operations in Gaza in late 2008 and early 2009, Egypt was charged with being complicit in Palestinian deaths.

Mr. Mubarak, 81, has held office for nearly 28 years, and his allies have suggested that he is likely to serve another five-year term when his current one expires in 2011. But his increasing frailty, his government's crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood and persistent reports in the state-controlled news media about plans to dissolve Parliament have combined to provoke a bout of speculation as to whether Mr. Mubarak might step down and who might replace him. He has never appointed a vice president. If he dies in office, then the speaker of the Parliament, a veteran party leader, Fathi Sorour, would serve as an interim president until an election could be called. There is speculation as to whether his National Democratic Party will endorse his son, Gamal, for the post, or someone else. Egypt is a democracy, but politics and elections are controlled by the government and the ruling party, and in the absence of any true opposition, the party's candidate is certain to win.

Early in 2010 Mr. Mubarak, temporarily turned over presidential authority to his prime minister, Ahmed Nazif, before an operation to remove his gallbladder at the Surgical Hospital of Heidelberg University Hospital. He returned to the Egyptian capital in early May, vowing to “complete” his promises to make “political reforms that would establish the pillars of democracy” in Egypt. The air of uncertainty that Mr. Mubarak’s surgery created lingered for months, and appeared to make the government increasingly defensive.

President Barack Obama Makes Key Speech In Cairo
In This Photo: Barack Obama, Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak (R) shakes hands with his US counterpart Barack Obama at Qubba Palace on June 4, 2009 in Cairo, Egypt. Mubarak and Obama discussed bilateral relations and issues of common interest including Arab-Israeli conflict. (Photo by Moataz El Hamalawi - Pool/MENA/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Barack Obama;Hosni Mubarak

Leaders Gather In Sharm El-Sheikh For Second Round Of Mid-East Peace Talks

Leaders Gather In Sharm El-Sheikh For Second Round Of Mid-East Peace Talks
In This Photo: Mahmoud Abbas, Hosni Mubarak
In this handout image supplied by the Office of the Palestinian President, President Mahmoud Abbas attends a meeting with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, as leaders gather for the second round of Israeli/Palestinian peace talks, on September 14, 2010 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. Israeli settlements are high on the agenda of negotiations as Benjamin Netanyahu and Mahmoud Abbas hold talks mediated by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

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